Thermal transport of the solar captured dark matter and its implication
Chian-Shu Chen1, Guey-Lin Lin2, Yen-Hsun Lin2*
1Institute of Physics, Academia Sinica, Taipei, Taiwan
2Institute of Physics, National Chiao Tung University, Hsinchu, Taiwan
* presenting author:Yen-Hsun Lin,
We study the thermal transport occurring in the system of solar captured dark matter (DM) and explore its impact on the DM indirect search signal. We particularly focus on the scenario of self-interacting DM (SIDM). The energy flows in and out of the system include the gravitational capture via DM-nucleon and DM-DM scatterings, the energy dissipation via DM annihilation, and the heat exchange between DM and solar nucleus. We examine the DM temperature evolution and demonstrate that the DM temperature can be higher than the core temperature of the Sun if the DM-nucleon cross section is sufficiently small such that the energy flow due to DM self-interaction becomes relatively important. We argue that the correct DM temperature should be used for accurately predicting the DM annihilation rate and consequently the signal for the indirect detection.

Keywords: dark matter, IceCube, indirect search, thermal transport